Developing a Pupil’s Capacity at School

Schools must develop the pupils capacity for critical and independent appraisal and their ability to resist tendentious influence. This aim should be constantly pursued in, not least in addressed to classes or groups and in practical vocational orientation. A critical attitude means among other things that pupils are taught to query the theoretical foundations of and the selection of facts in the information supplied. They must be made aware, for example, of the uncertainty of forecasts, and they must be made critical of categorical statements concerning developments in the labor market. Schools should always state their sources and discuss whether the end in view has been allowed, deliberately or unconsciously, to influence the selection of facts or their presentation. An attitude of critical analysis also means that in connection with field trips, homework and practical vocational orientation, the pupils will ask questions and procure facts shedding light on social relations at work, values among different groups and problems such as the aims of activities, pay differentials, the status of different occupations, the relation between subordinate and superior, sex roles and so on, and that they will then discuss these questions and relate them to their own choice of occupation.

Schools have a special responsibility towards those who, for physical, mental and other reasons, encounter difficulties in their school work. School staff must therefore also devote special care to these pupils in the context immigrant children and their parents too are often in special need of assistance.

In principle, must be conducted using the same working methods and the same work procedures as other school activities. It must tie in with the pupils I perception of reality and must gradually broaden their perspectives. It must employ investigatory working methods and aim at pupil activity and individualization. It may constitute elements of class or group instruction as well as individual work, and it can provide a starting point for in-depth studies and project days.

An important part is played by the pupil’s conversations with teachers and counselor concerning his (or her) interests and plans for the future. The subject matter of many different teaching subjects, contributions by persons active in the community at large -trade union representatives and representatives of enterprise, the public sector and parents -field trips and practical orientation will give pupils an increasingly broad understanding of educational and vocational activities as their school career progresses. In this way personal interviews can lead the individual pupil to seek education and to attach importance to it.

Schools should encourage the individual to be independently active, to engage in self-analysis and to subject alternative choices to a process of appraisal. This will increase the pupil’s ability to cope with situations of choice and to revise his educational and occupational choice, for example when his educational and vocational plans have to be altered because of external circumstances or contact and partnership a change in his interests. But the person providing individual educational and vocational guidance should not remain passive. If teachers and counselors merely operate as the suppliers of information on demand, it will not become a powerful counterpoise to the influence exerted by the family environment, classmates, mass media etc.

Individual educational and vocational counseling interviews are optional for pupils and, of course, for their parents, but schools should endeavor to reach as many as possible, not merely through the medium of printed matter but also through activation measures.

Like other aspects of school instruction, requires a supply of printed material. Pupils must therefore be able to find the general and specialized information they require in the school’s book collections.

It is the responsibility of school management to ensure that is planned and evaluated as part of the school working plan.

In the various subject who are taught, teachers must let their pupils seek knowledge and develop skills which are of importance in the context. In language teaching, for example, it is natural for the pupils’ attention to be drawn to the importance of knowledge of languages in different occupations and fields of study and for a discussion to take place concerning the various occupations in which knowledge of languages is essential. Other subjects can make equally natural contributions towards an all-round orientation. Practical vocational orientation involves extensive co-operation with the working community outside the school. This participation by enterprise, public authorities and organizations etc. is an essential ingredient of educational and vocational orientation.

The school doctor, school nurse, school social worker and school psychologist have a special knowledge of the pupil’s aptitudes and needs. The work done by the counselor has a vital bearing on individual interviews, general information, and liaison work with receiving schools and contacts with labor market authorities. But the counselors should also join with teachers in discussing and planning the role in school work. In doing so they can make suggestions regarding investigations, projects studies, individual assignments, exhibitions and field trips.

USA High School Track & Field Records And The Current Best 2008 Performances

Performance results in track and field are easily understandable through time zones and cultures around the world. Unlike words and their pronunciation in different languages, numbers need no explanation to understand. It also helps that the metric system of measurement for distances is dominate worldwide.

Track and field competitors around the world are interested in comparing their performances with the performances of athletes in other countries. Here are the current United States high school track and field records through 2007 followed by the best current performances by high school competitors in 2008:

USA Boys High School Track and Field Records

100 Meters: 10.08 – 10.17 by Jeff Demps of South Lake High School in Groveland (FL).

200 Meters: 20.13 – 20.80 by Markus Henderson of Lewisville (TX) High School.

400 Meters: 44.69 – 46.41 by Tavaris Tate of Starkville (MS).

800 Meters: 1:46.45 – 1:48.97 by Joseph Franklin of Godby in Tallahassee (FL).

1,500 Meters: 3:38.26 – 3:52:63 indoors by Colby Lowe of Carroll in Southlake (TX)

1,600 Meters: 3:53.43 record set at equivalent yards distance – 4:05.57 by German Fernandez of Riverbank (CA).

3,000 Meters: 8:03.67 – 8:16.0 by Luke Puskedra of Judge Memorial Catholic in Salt Lake City (UT).

3,200 Meters: 8:36.3 2-Mile) – 8:46.40 by Luke Puskedra of Judge Memorial Catholic.

5,000 Meters: 13:37.91 – 13:55.96 by Chris Derrick of Neuqua Valley in Naperville (IL) – (Derrick’s time is the USA record for a high-school-only race).

110-Meter High Hurdles: 13.22 record set at equivalent yards distance – 13.51 by Spencer Adams of Butler in Charlotte (NC).

300-Meter Intermediate Hurdles: 35.28 – 36.28 by William Wynne of McEachern in Powder Springs (GA).

400-Meter Intermediate Hurdles: 49.38 – 50.46 by Reggie Wyatt of La Sierra in Riverside (CA).

4×100-Meter Relay: 39.76 – 40.26 by Rowlett (TX) High School.

4×200-Meter Relay: 1:23.31 – 1:24.06 – Hightower in Sugar Land (TX).

4×400-Meter Relay: 3:07.40 – 3:11.87 by Dominguez in Compton (CA).

4×800 Meter Relay: 7:32.89 – 7:44.39 by North Penn in Lansdale (PA).

Sprint Medley Relay: 3:21.1 – 3:26.16 by Mid-Prairie Community in Wellman (IA).

Distance Medley Relay: 9:49.78 – 10:02.47 by Carroll in Southlake (TX).

High Jump: 7-7 – 7-3.75 indoors by Eric Kynard of Rogers in Toledo (OH).

Pole Vault: 18-3 – 17-4.5 by Nico Weiler in Los Gatos (CA).

Long Jump: 26-9.25 – 25-6.75 indoors by Christian Taylor of Sandy Creek in Tyrone (GA).

Triple Jump: 54-10.25 – 52-4.75 by Will Claye of Mountain Pointe in Phoenix (AZ).

Shot Put: 81-3.5 – 70-6 by Jordan Clarke of Bartlett in Anchorage, AK.

Discus Throw: 234-3 – 222-1 by Mason Finley of Buena Vista (CO). (No. 3 all-time performer).

Hammer Throw: 255-11 – 244-8 by Trent Kraychir of Twentynine Palms (CA). (No. 3 all-time performer).

Javelin Throw: 241-11 – 223-8 by Kyle Smith of Daphne (AL).

(Note: Leaders based upon marks verified as wind legal in sprints, hurdles and horizontal jumps. Only fully automatic times are listed for sprints and high hurdles.)

USA Girls High School Track and Field Records

100 Meters: 11.11 – 11.16 by Victoria Jordan of Dunbar High School in Fort Worth (TX).

200 Meters: 22.11 – 23.43 indoors by Ashton Purvis of St. Elizabeth in Oakland (CA).

400 Meters: 50.69 – 52.83 indoors by Nadonnia Rodriques of Boys & Girls in Brooklyn (NY).

800 Meters: 2:00.07 – 2:03.20 by Chanelle Price is Easton (PA).

1,500 Meters: 4:16.6 – 4:17.46 by Jordan Hasay of Mission Prep in San Luis Obispo (CA). (No. 7 all-time performance; Hasay also has the No. 4 and No. 5 all-time performances run in 2007 and is a threat to break the USA high school record.)

Mile: 4:35.24 – 4:41.22 by Stephanie Morgan of Barnesville (OH).

3,000 Meters: 9:08.06 – 9:23.90 by Jordan Hasay of Mission Prep in San Luis Obispo.

3,200 Meters – 9:48.59 – 10:03.07 by Jordan Hasay of Mission Prep.

5,000 Meters: 15:52.88 – 17:03.79 indoors by Chelsea Ley of Kingsway in Woolwich Township (NJ).

100-Meter High Hurdles: 12.95 – 13.26 by Jacquelyn Coward of West in Knoxville (TN).

300-Meter Hurdles: 39.98 – 40.96 by Donique Flemings of Saginaw (TX).

400-Meter Hurdles: 55.20 – 58.96 by Ryann Krais of Methacton in Norristown (PA).

4×100-Meter Relay: 44.50 – 45.17 by Dunbar in Fort Worth (TX).

4×200-Meter Relay: 1:33.87 – 1:35.94 by Dunbar in Fort Worth (TX).

4×400-Meter Relay: 3:35.49 – 3:37.16 by Roosevelt in Greenbelt (MD).

4×800-Meter Relay: 8:50.41 – 8:43.12 by Roosevelt in Greenbelt (MD). (New USA High School Record set this year.)

4xMile Relay: 19:56.75 – 20:10.76 by Saugus in La Crescenta (CA). (No. 3 all-time performance).

Distance Medley Relay: 11:33.42 – 11:42.16 by Roxbury in Succasunna (NJ).

High Jump: 6-4 – 6-0.25 by Victoria Lucas in Midland (TX).

Pole Vault: 14-1.25 – 14-0 by Rachel Laurent of Vanderbilt Catholic in Houma (LA). (No. 2 all-time performer and a threat to break the USA high school record.)

Long Jump: 22-3 – 20-3.5 by Jacinda Evans of Southern in Durham (NC).

Triple Jump: 44-11.75 – 42-8.75 indoors by Vashti Thomas of Mt. Pleasant in San Jose (CA).

Shot Put: 54-10.75 – 52-4 indoors by Karen Shump of Penncrest in Media (PA).

Discus Throw: 188-4 – 183-11 by Anastasia Jelmini of Shafter (CA).

Hammer Throw: 201-7 – 179-0 by Victoria Flowers of Classical in Providence (RI).

Javelin Throw: 176-5 – 167-11 by Hannah Carson of Rhodes Junior High School in Mesa (AZ). (New USA high school freshman record.)

(Note: Leaders based upon marks verified as wind legal in sprints, hurdles and horizontal jumps. Only fully automatic times are listed for sprints and high hurdles.)

2008 Boys and Girls Highlights Thus Far:

All of the highlights in 2008 have thus far been produced by the girls, led by Roosevelt High School’s new USA high school record of 8:43.12 in the 4×800-Meter Relay, breaking the current 8:50.41 record. Roosevelt is located in Greenbelt (MD). Think for a moment about how difficult it would be to find 4 girls on a high school track team that could AVERAGE less than 2:11 for the 800-meter run.

Second best effort comes from Jordan Hasay of Mission Prep in San Luis Obispo (CA). Hasay has run 4:17.46 for the 1,500 Meter and has run two races faster at the same distance in 2007. The USA high school record for the 1,500 is 4:16.6, less than a second away.

Will she set a new USA high school record? The odds say yes. She also has the current best times nationally in the 3,000-Meter and 3,200-Meter runs as well. She has to be the premier girls high school middle distance runner in the country.

Rachel Laurent of Vanderbilt Catholic High School in Houma (LA) is only 1.25 inches shy of matching the USA high school record of 14-feet-1.25 inches in the pole vault. Her best height so far is 14-feet even. Can she set the national record? I say yes, she can.

Watch out for Hannah Carson of Rhodes Junior High School in Mesa (AZ). She has thrown the javelin 167-feet-11-inches to set a new USA high school freshman record. The national record is 176-feet-5-inches. Wow, she has an incredible chance to garner a national record before she graduates from high school.

We will keep you posted on the final 2008 results after the high school district and state meet competitions are held. I am sensing some more new national records from these outstanding young women.

Copyright © 2008 Ed Bagley

Choosing Elementary School Photographers – Part I

If you look on the wall of any mother’s home you will find cherished memories framed for every year. No matter how silly the photo, school photographs are remembered for a lifetime. Like most things that have a deep rooted tradition, technology has made elementary school pictures much more exciting. Many schools go with the traditional school pose for their fall program. But did you know a lot of schools use spring pictures as a fundraiser and have fun doing it?

Things to Consider when Choosing an Elementary School Photographer

Before you can think about how school photography can be a great fundraiser, you first have to choose the right photographer. For school photographers in San Diego, most decisions are made by the administrative staff, while others are left to the PTO or PTA. However, with school staffs being spread so thin these days, many schools are leaving the decision to the PTO.

There are so many school photographers available today that the decision to choose a school photographer can be a difficult one. A school photographer in San Diego is going to have a different program than a local company in a small town.

Listen to word of mouth. Good school photographers will have people talking about them. They will also have a good selection of experienced, professional school photographers to run your school picture day. It is always good to take a look at the company’s website to see their overall philosophy.

Something else to consider when choosing a photographer is who is actually taking the school pictures. You might want to ask for sample pictures taken by the actual photographers who will be at your school picture day. Many schools ask to meet the photographers who will be working at their school, which isn’t a bad idea. You want a photographer who will allow the kids to relax, because when kids are relaxed they take better pictures. This in turn leads to parents who are satisfied with their school pictures.

Another consideration when selecting a photography company is how much work will be required of the school. Many companies provide all the staff needed for picture day and require no volunteers from the school. When a company takes most of the work off of the school they are well valued.

Other photographers prefer teacher and parent volunteer involvement on picture day. There is a rational explanation for this, that the parents and staff know the students better. However, if your photographer is experienced in taking elementary school pictures, the kids will warm up to them very quickly. Plus, parents are not experienced in running a school picture day, that should be the job of the school photographer.